Climate Related Research Centers and
Climate Information Organizations
The research centers listed here are involved in the investigation of
aspects of earth science that relates to the changing of the earth's
climate, both natural and anthropogenic. Other groups listed are
involved in the coordination, collection, and/or interpretation of
research related to the earth's climate. The descriptions of each
organization comes from their own websites, frequently on the "About"
section of the website.
Panel on Climate Change -- The IPCC was established to
provide the decision-makers and others interested in climate change
with an objective source of information about climate change. The IPCC
does not conduct any research nor does it monitor climate related data
or parameters. The IPCC is a scientific intergovernmental body
set up by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and by the United
Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).
The Met Office Hadley Centre on Climate
Change is the UK's official centre for climate
change research. Partly funded by Defra (the Department for
Environment, Food and Rural Affairs), we provide in-depth information
to, and advise, the Government on climate change issues.
Met Office Hadley Centre aims:
physical, chemical and biological processes within the climate system
and develop computer models of the climate which represent them;
computer models to simulate the differences between global and regional
climates; the changes seen over the last 100 years, and to predict
changes over the next 100 years;
- monitor global and national climate variability and change;
- attribute recent changes in climate to specific factors.
undertake studies of the global climate using similar, though more
extensive, models of the atmospheres, as are used for the prediction of
National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC) is part of
the Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences at the
University of Colorado at Boulder. NSIDC supports research into our
world's frozen realms: the snow, ice, glaciers, frozen ground, and
climate interactions that make up Earth's cryosphere. Scientific data,
whether taken in the field or relayed from satellites orbiting Earth,
form the foundation for the scientific research that informs the world
about our planet and our climate systems. Related to the NSIDC is
the The Arctic Ice Forecasting System
which provides forcasts of the
Artic Sea Ice News and Analysis.
sunlight, keeping the polar regions cool and moderating global
climate. According to scientific measurements, Arctic sea ice has
declined dramatically over at least the past thirty years, with the
most extreme decline seen in the summer melt season. Read
timely scientific analysis year-round below. We provide an update
during the first week of each month, or more frequently as conditions
warrant. Please credit the National Snow and Ice Data Center for
image or content use unless otherwise noted beneath each image.
British Antarctic Survey (BAS) is
a component of the Natural
Environment Research Council (NERC). Based in Cambridge, United
Kingdom, it has, for almost 60 years, undertaken the majority of
Britain's scientific research on and around the Antarctic continent. It
now shares that continent with scientists from over thirty countries.
employs over 400 staff, and supports three stations in the Antarctic,
at Rothera, Halley and Signy, and two stations on South Georgia, at
King Edward Point and Bird Island. The Antarctic operations and science
programmes are executed and managed from Cambridge, and rely on a
wide-ranging team of professional staff.
Antarctic Climate and Ecosystems Cooperative Research Centre (ACE
CRC) provides a focus for Australia's national effort to
variability of Antarctica and the Southern Ocean and their role in
Australia's future. The ACE CRC is a partnership dedicated to
sustainable management of Antarctic marine ecosystem resources and the
study of atmospheric and oceanic processes of the Southern Ocean and
their role in global and regional climate change.
Australian Antarctic Division leads Australia's Antarctic
program. As a division of the Department of the Environment, Water,
Heritage and the Arts, our charter is to ensure Australia's Antarctic
interests are advanced.
The Australian Antarctic
program has four goals
- Maintain the Antarctic Treaty System and enhance Australia's
influence in it
- Protect the Antarctic environment
- Understand the role of Antarctica in the global climate system
- Undertake scientific work of practical, economic and national
Science Center (PSC) is a unit of the Applied Physics
Laboratory at the
University of Washington. PSC was established in 1978 at the end of the
multiyear Arctic Ice Dynamics Joint Experiment (AIDJEX), a major
NSF/ONR program. In 1982 PSC was incorporated into the Applied Physics
Laboratory, a multidisciplinary research facility. PSC provides
comprehensive logistics and support for numerous polar field
Institution of Oceanography, is one of the
oldest, largest, and most important centers for ocean and
earth science research, education, and public
service in the world. Research at Scripps Institution of
Oceanography encompasses physical, chemical, biological, geological,
and geophysical studies of the oceans and earth.
of Massachusetts Climate System Research Center is a
research facility of the University
of Massachusetts. Our research is focused on the climate system,
variability and global change issues, from contemporary climate
their causes and consequences, to paleoclimatic and paleoenvironmental
The National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) at
Boulder, Colorado, provides the university science and teaching
community with the
tools, facilities, and support required to perform innovative research.
Through NCAR, scientists gain access to high-performance computational
and observational facilities, such as supercomputers, aircraft and
radar - resources researchers need to improve human understanding of
atmospheric and Earth system processes. NCAR and university scientists
work together on research topics in atmospheric chemistry, climate,
cloud physics and storms, weather hazards to aviation, and interactions
between the sun and Earth. In all of these areas, scientists are
looking closely at the role of humans in both creating climate change
and responding to severe weather occurrences.
Note: The NCAR website
contains sections on weather, climate, chemistry, solar, and earth
Cooperative Institute for Research
in Environmental Sciences (CIRES) is committed to collaboration,
that is, to working with other environmental scientists, researchers,
and educators as well as students, industry leaders, and policy and
decision makers, to produce scientific results in service to society.
We count discovery, including idenfication of the "Nuclear Winter"
theory, discovery of the Antarctic ozone hole, and detection of the
disintegration of Antarctic ice shelves among our many accomplishments
Institute of Marine Sciences at the University
of Kiel (IFM-GEOMAR)
is a foundation by pubic law. It was founded January 1st, 2004 through
the merger of the Institute for Marine Science (IfM) and the Research
Center for Marine Geosciences (GEOMAR). The goal of the institute
is the investigation of
all areas relevant for actual research in marine sciences, ranging from
Geology of the Ocean Floor to Marine Meteorology. The institute
operates world-wide in all ocean basins. The main research topics
are grouped in four areas:
Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics, Marine Biogeochemistry, Marine
Ecology, and Dynamics of the Ocean Floor.
The University of
Chicago Department of Geophysical Sciences -- It is now
widely recognized that changes in the global environment are occuring
at rates which greatly exceed those which have occured in the geologic
past. For example, atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases such
as carbon dioxide and methane are steadily rising, stratospheric ozone
depletion is occuring in both polar regions (the Ozone hole) and at
midlatitudes, and there is now evidence for widespread pollution of the
lower atmosphere. The potantial effects of these changes on the global
climate system and biosphere make this field of global change science
one of the most vibrant and exciting disciplines within earth science.
Pielke research group focuses on land-atmosphere
interactions on the local, mesoscale, regional, and global scales.
These interactions include biophysical, biogeochemical, and
biogeographic effects. The RAMS
model is a major tool used in this research. RAMS has been coupled to
two different ecosystem-dynamics models (CENTURY and GEMTM) as part of
these studies. Also applied is the CCM3 atmospheric global model from
the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) in Boulder,
Colorado. Our studies range from the tropics into the high Arctic
regions. Our group has also applied RAMS to atmospheric-ocean
interactions, including Arctic sea-ice feedbacks. We have investigated
these nonlinear interactions within the Earth's climate system using
the coupled RAMS model, as well as simplified nonlinear mathematical
The U.S. Global Change Research Program
(USGCRP) supports research on the interactions of natural and
human-induced changes in the global environment and their implications
for society. Since its inception,
USGCRP-supported research and observational activities, in
collaboration with several other national and international science
programs, have documented and characterized important aspects of the
sources, abundances, and lifetimes of greenhouse gases; mounted
extensive space-based systems for global monitoring of climate and
ecosystem parameters; begun to address the complex issues of various
aerosol species that may significantly influence climate parameters;
advanced understanding of the global water and carbon cycles; and taken
major strides in computer modeling of the global climate. During
the past thirteen years the United States, through the (USGCRP),
has made the world's largest scientific investment in the areas of
climate change and global change research -- a total investment of
almost $20 billion. See also the U.S. Climate Change Science
EPA's Climate Change Site offers
comprehensive information on the issue of climate change in a way that
is accessible and meaningful to all parts of society –
communities, individuals, business, states and localities, and
governments. See also the U.S. Climate Policy and Actions.
National Climatic Data Center, a part of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric
Administration (NOAA). NCDC is the world's largest
active archive of weather data. NCDC
produces numerous climate publications and responds to data requests
from all over the world. NCDC operates the World Data Center
for Meteorology which is co-located at NCDC in Asheville, North
Carolina, and the World
Data Center for Paleoclimatology which
is located in Boulder, Colorado. NCDC supports a three tier
national climate services support program - the partners include: NCDC,
Climate Centers, and State
Note: Check out the Frequently Asked Questions
Paleoclimatology is the study of past climate, for times prior to
instrumental weather measurements. Paleoclimatologists use clues from
natural "proxy" sources such as tree rings, ice cores, corals, and
ocean and lake sediments to understand natural climate variability.
NOAA Paleoclimatology operates the World Data Center for
Paleoclimatology and the Applied Research Center for Paleoclimatology,
with the goal to provide data and information scientists need to
understand natural climate variability as well as future climate
Our international partners include the Past Global Changes Program of
the International Geosphere Biosphere Programme, and the World Data
Center system of the International Council of Scientific Unions.
Earth System Research Laboratory, NOAA Research has
consolidated the six organizations of NOAA Research
in Boulder, Colorado, into a single center - The Earth System Research
Laboratory. This consolidation substantially improves the research and
execution of the organizations by having four more-focused Divisions -
Global Monitoring, Physical Sciences, Chemical Sciences, and Global
Systems - and a more effective and coordinated management structure.
The consolidation also will result in better integration of science
through the development of research and technology themes that are
being developed across Divisions.
stands for Environmental Science Published
for Everybody Round the Earth. It
is a pilot project funded by the European Commission which started in
January 2003 and will finish at the end of 2004. The aim of our
project is to put up-to-date and
accurate scientific information on
climate in a Climate Encyclopaedia on the web in a
form which is understandable by all and useful in school
The basic idea of ESPERE is not to deliver a
completed product, but to develop the website together with pupils and
teachers so that it really meets the needs of the community. Your
feedback is therefore essential so that this web site can develop and
become more and more useful over time.
Educational Global Climate Modeling (EdGCM
Project). Most climate researchers believe that
climate change will profoundly
impact both our planet's environment and the world's economic and
geopolitical landscape in the coming decades. Since these impacts have
the potential to effect everyone, a basic knowledge of the Earth's
climate system is critical in order to make informed judgments about
climate-related issues. To achieve that goal, educators need resources
to engage their students in the scientific and technological processes
scientists use to forecast climate change. EdGCM changes all
this by providing a research-grade GCM
with a user-friendly
interface that can be run on a desktop computer.
The Earth Institute at Columbia University.
Two of Earth Institutes climate related initiatives:
on Climate Change T
wice a year, business and civil
leaders convene to determine how
profits and the environment can work together to tackle the global
climate and energy crisis.
Climateprediction.net is the largest
experiment to try and produce a forecast of the climate in the 21st
century. To do this, we need people around the world to give us
time on their computers - time when they have their computers switched
on, but are not using them to their full capacity.
ClimatePrediction.net has collaborated with Oxford University
Begbroke Science Park to produce "The Basics of Climate Prediction"
which people should find very interesting.
The Discovery of Global Warming.
A hypertext history of how scientists came to (partly) understand
what people are doing to cause climate change. This Website created by Spencer Weart
supplements his much shorter book, which tells the history of climate
change research as a single story. On this Website you will find a more
complete history in dozens of essays on separate topics, updated
State Institutes of Energy and the Environment (PSIEE). The
mission of the Penn State Institutes of Energy and the Environment
is to expand Penn State's capacity to pursue the newest frontiers in
energy and environmental research by encouraging cooperation across
disciplines and the participation of local, state, federal, and
Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact
PIK addresses crucial scientific questions in the fields of
global change, climate impacts and sustainable development.
Researchers from the natural and social sciences work together to
generate interdisciplinary insights and to provide society with sound
information for decision making. The main methodologies are
systems and scenarios analysis, quantitative and qualitative modelling,
computer simulation, and data integration.
The World Climate Research Programme,
sponsored by the International Council for Science (ICSU), the World Meteorological
Organization (WMO) and the Intergovernmental
Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO, is uniquely positioned to
draw on the totality of climate-related systems, facilities and
intellectual capabilities of more than 185 countries. Integrating new
observations, research facilities and scientific breakthroughs is
essential to progress in the inherently global task of advancing
understanding of the processes that determine our climate.
The two overarching objectives of the WCRP are:
- to determine the predictability of climate;
- to determine the effect of human activities on climate.
These two objectives underpin and directly address the needs of the UN Framework
Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and contribute to many other
international policy instruments.
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD). The directory
now hosts a new look and new search capability. We hope you will
experience improved navigation throughout the site. Our
goal is to enable users to locate and obtain access to Earth science
data sets and services relevant to global change and Earth science
research. The GCMD database holds more than 20,000 descriptions of
Earth science data sets and services covering all aspects of Earth and
environmental sciences. One can use the search box or select from the
available keywords to search for data and services. We encourage
participation in writing and maintaining the information in our
databases. You will find authoring tools to assist you. In
Subscription services are available to notify you of new entries.
Committee on Earth Observation Satellites (CEOS) International
Directory Network (IDN) Interoperability Forum is available to discuss
content and database issues.
Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate
(BASC). The mission of the Board on Atmospheric
Sciences and Climate (BASC) is
to promote excellence in the atmospheric sciences, meteorology, and
climate-related fields and to provide assistance to federal agencies,
the science community, and the nation on these issues. BASC strives to
advance understanding of atmospheric science, meteorology, and climate;
foster application of this knowledge to benefit the public; advise and
guide U.S. research programs so they are responsive to scientific
opportunities and the needs of the nation; and ensure that the voice of
the science community is central in government planning and
decision-making. BASC provides objective program reviews, guidance, and
assessment of priorities and acts as a catalyst for focusing attention
on emerging and nationally important issues. BASC serves as a U.S.
scientific interface to the planning and conduct of many international
research programs. BASC does not conduct research, but works to give
research a broader impact on society, both in the United States and
(AGU) is a worldwide scientific community that advances, through
unselfish cooperation in research, the understanding of Earth and space
for the benefit of humanity.
AGU is a scientific society with a membership of 50,000
teachers, and students. AGU conducts meetings and conferences,
publishes journals, books and a weekly newspaper, and sponsors a
variety of educational and public information programs.
Our Mission: Promote the scientific study of Earth and its
environment in space and to disseminate the results to the public,
Promote cooperation among scientific organizations involved in
geophysics and related disciplines, Initiate and participate in
geophysical research programs, and Advance the various
disciplines through scientific discussion, publication, and
dissemination of information.
Climate Science Watch is a
nonprofit public interest education and
advocacy project dedicated to holding public officials accountable for
the integrity and effectiveness with which they use climate science and
related research in government policymaking, toward the goal of
enabling society to respond effectively to the challenges posed by
global warming and climate change.
Climate Science Watch is sponsored by the Government Accountability
The Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis
Director), which includes the World Data Center for Atmospheric Trace
Gases, has served as the primary climate-change data and information
analysis center of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) since 1982.
CDIAC responds to data and information requests from users
investigating the greenhouse effect and global climate change. CDIAC's
data holdings include records of the concentrations of carbon dioxide
and other radiatively active gases in the atmosphere.
-- Forum for Climate and Global Change. A Forum
of the Swiss Academy of Sciences. ProClim- is
the Swiss forum for climate and
issues. It seeks to facilitate both integrated research activities and
the necessary linkages among scientists, policy-makers and the public
at home and abroad.
NOAA's Pacific Marine Environmental
carries out interdisciplinary scientific investigations in oceanography
and atmospheric science. Current PMEL programs focus on open ocean
observations in support of long-term monitoring and prediction of the
ocean environment on time scales from hours to decades. Studies are
conducted to improve our understanding of the world’s oceans, to
define processes driving the global climate system, and to improve
environmental forecasting capabilities for public safety, marine
commerce, and fisheries.
The Arctic Research Consortium of the
United States (ARCUS) was formed in 1988 to identify and
bring together the distributed human and facilities resources of the
Arctic research community--to create a synergy for the Arctic in which
each resource, when combined with others, can result in a strength that
enables the community to rise to the many challenges facing the Arctic
and the United States. ARCUS provides a mechanism for the Arctic
community to complement the advisory roles of other national
organizations, such as the US Arctic Research Commission (USARC), the
Polar Research Board (PRB), and Interagency Arctic Research Policy
Committee (IARPC), that are concerned with the Arctic.
Sites listed by the UK Met Office
Climate modelling centres
Analysis and intercomparison projects
(Atmospheric Model Intercomparison Project)
(Climate Variability and Predictability)
(Coupled Model Intercomparison Project)
(an EC-funded project supporting CLIVAR in Europe)
(Ocean Carbon Cycle Model Intercomparison Project)
(Program for Climate Model Diagnosis and Intercomparison), Lawrence
Livermore National Laboratory
Climate data centres
Other climate-related sites